Radio-rich solar eruptive events
N. Gopalswamy, M. L. Kaiser, B. J. Thompson, L. F. Burlaga, A. Szabo, A. Lara, A. Vourlidas, S. Yashiro, J. L. Bougeret
Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771
We report on the analysis of a large number of solar eruptive events that produced radio emission in the dekameter-hectometric (DH) radio window (1-14 MHz), newly opened by the Wind/WAVES experiment. The distinguishing characteristics of coronal mass ejections (CMEs) associated with the DH type II radio bursts are larger-than-average width and speed. Flares of all sizes (X-ray importance B to X) occurring at all longitudes were associated with the DH type II bursts and CMEs. We found a global enhancement in EUV over an area much larger than the flaring active region in the beginning many events. A comparison between the 'Shock Associated' events and microwave bursts shows that at least half of the events do not have temporal relation. A majority of the DH type II bursts were associated with IP shocks and kilometric type II bursts. In particular, we found a very close relationship between the kilometric type II bursts and the IP shocks.
Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 27, No. 10, 1427-1430, 2000